Why Do Gums Recede?
Gums may recede for a variety of reasons including: aggressive tooth brushing, excessive biting forces and periodontal disease. Prior to treatment your periodontist can help you identify the factors contributing to the problem. Once the root of the problem is controlled, a soft tissue graft (gum graft) is done to cover the exposed roots. The gum graft will also “thicken” the gum in order to provide better protection against future gum recession. The procedure requires the periodontist to take a small piece of gum tissue from your existing tissue (autogenous) or from a donor bank (allograft). This tissue is then transferred to the receded gum area to cover the exposed root(s) and stabilize the teeth.
We perform this procedure using minimally invasive instruments. With these dental tools, your gums do not have to be cut open. Rather the gum tissue is slightly loosened and the gum graft material is slid underneath your existing gum tissue. A few thin sutures are placed for safety and to prevent movement of the graft. These sutures are removed in 3-4 weeks depending on the healing of the tissue graft.
Frequently Asked Questions
Damage from gum or periodontal disease can cause receding gums. Overactive brushing can also contribute to gum loss and receding gums.
The best method for treating gingival recession is soft-tissue grafting. Grafting is a surgical procedure in which a periodontist places new gum tissue inside your gums and uses it to build the gum back up where it has receded.
Gums can be regrown but it all depends on how much underlying bone is present. A consultation with a PerioLife Periodontist can help you determine if you are a candidate for gum grafting.